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Leland K. and Kathaleen Johnson Carter Papers

Identifier: FMS-34

Scope and Contents

The Leland K. and Kathaleen Johnson Carter Collection consists of correspondence, diaries, photographs, and genealogical material documenting the lives of a number of Quaker families in North Carolina, Ohio, Indiana, and Kansas in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The collection is especially valuable for Quaker settlement in Indiana, the Conservative Separation of the 1870s among Orthodox Friends, and the work of the Friends Reconstruction unit in France during World War I. The photographs illustrate the change of Quaker dress over the course of the nineteenth century.


  • 1700-1994
  • Other: Date acquired: 01/01/1991

Conditions Governing Access

There are no restrictions on access.

Conditions Governing Use

Some materials may be protected by copyright. Permission to reproduce and to publish for commercial purposes must be requested from the Archivist.

Biographical or Historical Information

Leland Kellum Carter was born in Danville, Indiana, March 15, 1895, the son of Mordecai and Laura (Kellum) Carter. He attended Westtown School and Earlham College, leaving in the fall of 1917 to join the Friends Reconstruction Unit in France, organized under the auspices of the American Friends Service Committee. His portion of the collection includes genealogical material on the Carter and Kellum families, autobiographical reminiscences, and documents, correspondence, and photographs from his service in France. Leland K. Carter died in Richmond, Indiana, May 3, 1994. Kathaleen Johnson was born near Monrovia, Indiana, May 9, 1901, the daughter of Philip D. and Gertrude (Harvey) Johnson. She was a commercial artist in Chicago for most of her career, living after retirement in Arizona and in several places in Indiana. She married Leland K. Carter as his second wife in 1971. An active genealogist, most of the collection reflects her research on her ancestors, especially the Johnson, Harvey, and Hampton families. The material includes numerous copies of family letters, diaries, reminiscences, and legal documents from Great Britain, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina, Ohio, Indiana, and Kansas. Most of the Indiana material relates to Quakers in Wayne, Grant, Hendricks, and Morgan counties. Of special interest is material relating to the career of her grandfather, Cyrus Wilson Harvey (1843-1916). An Earlham student in 1861, Harvey left to join the Union army and emerged a confirmed pacifist. A recorded Quaker minister, in the 1870s he emerged as a leader of the Conservative opposition to holiness revivalism among Orthodox Friends. His journal, the Western Friend, published in Varck, Kansas, from 1879 to 1890, was the organ of Conservative Friends in the West.

Note written by


8 Boxes

Language of Materials


Source of Acquisition


Method of Acquisition

These papers came to Earlham as gifts from Leland K. and Kathaleen Carter between 1991 and 1994.

Accruals and Additions

No additions or accruals are expected.

Separated Materials

Two items have been stored elsewhere.  Leland K. Carter’s Alpine climbing stick and framed certificate certifying his ascent of Mont Blanc are in the artifact collection.

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Repository Details

Part of the Friends Collection and Earlham College Archives Repository